Our knee is a hinge joint with a shock-absorbing meniscus and a kneecap at the front. This joint is commonly injured by excessive stress on the cartilage or kneecap, but more seriously on stabilising structures, like ligaments, which allow us to perform high intensity sporting activities. This joint is also prone to long-term degenerative changes and is commonly afflicted by osteo-arthritis.
Deficiencies in the cartilage or ligaments from sporting injuries or osteo-arthritis can be extremely painful and disabling. Often, surgery may be indicated to ease the pain and improve function, but a trial of Physiotherapy is a great option to determine whether surgery can be delayed or even avoided. Rehabilitation exercises focusing on range of motion, balance and thigh muscle strength can be invaluable in managing such issues.