We’re sure that most of you would have heard someone say that they’ve ‘pulled a hammy’ before.
Although, don’t be fooled by this colloquial term or an Australian’s nature to downplay such an injury. Hamstring injuries are serious and athletes are particularly susceptible.
Wait, tell me a little about the hamstring?
Hamstring injuries are one of the most common injuries that we see come into the practice, usually resulting from an incident on the sporting field or court. The hamstring area is located on the back of the upper leg and is composed of three separate muscles, the Biceps Femoris, Semimembranosus and Semitendinosus. The key movement of the hamstring is to bend the knee and to straighten or extend the hip.
Why are they so susceptible to injury?
Hamstring injuries are often caused by a significant imbalance between the quadriceps muscle (at the front of the thigh) and the hamstring muscles (at the back of the thigh). As the quadriceps are such a large and powerful muscle group, it is very easy for our hamstring to become overpowered which results in the hamstring constantly becoming strained and overstretched.
There are also acute hamstring injuries. Usually this happens in a single event where the hamstring is put under a large amount of strain, all at once usually due to a very sudden or sharp force applied against it. When this happens, athletes can often actually hear the ‘pop’ of the injury.
What makes you at risk of sustaining a hamstring injury?
- Previously sustaining a hamstring injury
- If you’re a player who’s age is increasing
- If you regularly perform sudden, sharp movements in your sport
- If you have a strength imbalance between your quads and hamstrings
- If you have poor flexibility
- If you have poor strength
- Failure to undertake adequate warm up before activity
- Not incorporating a daily stretching routine into your schedule
What should I know next?
If you suspect problem hamstrings, it’s best to get in touch with your physiotherapist as you could have a potential strain or tear in any of the three major muscles that make up the hamstring. Not only must you have your physiotherapist accurately diagnose which muscle the injury has occurred in, it’s also then crucial to determine the grade of your hamstring injury. A hamstring injury will usually fall into any of these 3 gradings:
- Grade 1 – Mild
- Grade 2 – Moderate
- Grade 3 – Severe
Your physio will be able to take you through the ins and outs of each grade so you can understand the extent of your hamstring injury which in-turn will affect your injury rehabilitation. Rehabilitation varies from grade to grade with grade 1 hamstring injuries recommended to be rested for approximately 3 weeks, grade 2 rested for 4-6 weeks and grade 3 rested for approximately 3 months and may involve surgical repair as a general rule.
Get started on having problem free hamstrings
Our highly trained and experienced team of physiotherapist have helped so many local athletes successfully rehabilitate their hamstring injuries over the years and you’re no exception. Don’t put up with your problem hamstrings any longer. You can contact Progressive Sports & Spinal Physiotherapy today by either calling on (02) 4721 7798, emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or clicking here to book online for a thorough assessment and tailored treatment plan to get on top of your hamstring issues.